Interior design ideas

Ceramic steps – practicality and durability (Part 2)

February 1st, 2007

Products from white clay:
Faience – it is a mixture of white clay with caolin and quartz components. It burns at 1100-1200 degrees and has porous structure. It should be glazed. It is used in manufacture of sanitary technicians, tableware, decorative products. If you wish to understand from what your plate is made – turn its bottom upwards. You will see unglazed round edge (on it the plate is put in the furnace at burning). Touch it with tongue – if there is a sensation, that tongue sticks, it is a faience, which absorbs moisture in its pores. Durability of faience is quite low, but it is firm enough. It can be used in furnish of the individual house as a covering of walls, floors and ladders. The same as majolica for a long time and it is with success used at manufacturing a tile and tiles for furnaces and fireplaces. It can be applied as elements of dressing of a ladder. For example, if ladder steps are done of a tree, stair risers can be reveted by a tile.
Porcelain – is a mixture of white clay with very greater caolin maintenance and with additives of quartz components. Roasting passes at 1380 degrees. It is the firmest material from all kinds of ceramics. The range of use is very wide – from tableware and subjects of an interior, up to prosthetics in stomatology and technical application (engine building, electric power industry and so forth). It is the most expensive kind of ceramics. Not-glazed porcelain has a beautiful name – a biscuit. In other languages of the world porcelain it can be named “china” (in a place of the invention – China) and “porcelain”. For dressing ladders it is applied in the form of inserts into rail post, stair risers, to creation of separate elements of the stair lifts.

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